Top Five Gender Premature Death Disparities in Wales

The sources quoted in other sub-topics give the premature mortality data for Wales as presented in Table 1, in order of the disparity, largest first. Here ‘premature’ means death before age 75.

Table 1: Top Causes of Premature Gender Death Disparity, Prior to Age 75 (2014 except where stated)

Cause of Death Men Women Difference Difference as % of Women
Cardiovascular diseases 1599 770 829 108%
Cancers 2350 2020 330 16%
Drugs and Alcohol(2) 457 261 196 75%
Suicide 199 (317)(1) 48 (76)(1) 151 (241)(1) 315% (317%)
Respiratory diseases 559 450 109 24%
Diabetes 76 29 47 162%
Dementia/Alzheimer’s 86 62 24 39%
Other causes not itemised 774 564 210
TOTAL 6100 4204 1896 45%

(1)2014 (2013 in brackets)

(2)Data for 2012 used. Data relates to all ages, but deaths at 75 and older account for only ~10% of the total in this category.

Including all ages, dementia/Alzheimer’s kills about twice as many women as men. But this is because the incidence of these diseases increase dramatically for the over 80s, by which time women increasingly outnumber men.

Ignoring diabetes for which the numbers are relatively small, Table 1 indicates that the gender disparity in premature death is most serious for, in this order, (i) suicide, (ii) cardiovascular diseases, and, (iii) drugs and alcohol abuse.

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