Police Reports of Domestic Abuse
England & Wales
Figures have been complied by ManKind Initiative through Freedom of Information Requests to English and Welsh police forces. The data cover years 2012, 2013 and the first six months of 2014. The questions were addressed to each police authority asking for the gender breakdown of people reporting to them as victims of domestic abuse for each of the above periods. 39 out of 42 police authorities responded. The average over these police authorities and over the 30 month period covered was that 20% of reports to the police of domestic abuse were by men.
Given the particular reluctant of men to report partner violence, a report rate of 20% almost certainly implies an incidence rate of substantially higher percentage (and perhaps consistent with survey data which suggests more like 40% of all incidents involve male victims).
The review of Men’s experience of domestic abuse in Scotland by Brian Dempsey (School of Law, University of Dundee, 2013) is recommended reading. The broad pattern of abusive behaviour is similar to that for England & Wales. The risk of experiencing partner abuse in the prior 12 months was the same for men and for women at 3% of persons surveyed.
Of particular interest is the steeply rising number of men reporting partner abuse to the Scottish police, see the Table below. The author’s guess is that this is likely to be due to an increase in the willingness of men to report such abuse rather than an increase in the underlying prevalence of the abuse – though the latter cannot be ruled out.
In 2011/12 the number of women victims reporting to the police was just under 5 times that for male victims. Hence the gender ratio of reports to the Scottish police appears to be trending towards a similar ratio as for England & Wales (20%).
Reports to the Scottish Police of Partner Abuse Against Male Victims
|Male victim female perpetrator||Male victim male perpetrator|
Another important implication of this Table is that, contrary to the claims made in some quarters, ~94% of partner abuse of men is committed by women, i.e., in heterosexual relationships, not by gay male partners. This is almost precisely the same demographical split of perpetrator for England and Wales
Convictions for Domestic Abuse (England & Wales)
Via Freedom of Information enquiries, Mankind Initiative has obtained data on cases brought, and convictions obtained, for domestic violence by gender. The 15-to-1 conviction ratio stands in contrast to the 4-to-1 ratio of reports to police and the 3-to-2 ratio implied by survey data. Given the general bias against men in the criminal justice system it is hardly surprising that the bias turns out to be especially marked in this case.
DV Cases and Convictions, England & Wales, 2004 – 2014
The upward trend evident from the above Table has continued. The number of women convicted for domestic violence rose by 30% in the year to April 2015, from 3,735 to 4,866. The number of convictions involving female perpetrators is now six times higher than it was ten years ago.
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